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The Four C's:Cut,Color,Clarity,Carat

CUT: A diamonds cut has the most influence on its sparkle,fire and brilliance.Most diamonds are available in the followings styles:Brilliant-Cut,Step-Cut,andMixed-Cut.Brilliant-cut diamonds include round,oval,pear,heart,and marquise diamonds.Step-cut diamonds feature facets cut in a step-like fashion,such as emerald-cit or baguette.Mixed-cut diamonds are the combination of brilliant and step-cuts,the most popular being the princess-cut.The shape you choose is a matter of preference.Round Brilliant-cut is by far the most popular choice,because its best feature is the diamonds fire and brilliance.Princess-cut offers a more contemporary look.Marquise-cut tend to flatter long,slender fingers.Heart-shape are truly for the romantic.Emerald-cut is intended for the more classic woman.Pear-shape and Oval-shape have an original beauty all their own,and offer women a way to express themself and break tradition.

COLOR: A diamonds color is determined by Gemological Institute of America's color scale.A diamond is made up of pure carbon.During its development,other natural elements may be incorporated into the carbon,causing a chemical reaction that the changes color.Traces of the element boron causes blue diamonds,and traces of the element nitrogen causes yellow diamonds.And,please do fall for the terms use most frequently,flawless,colorless.While they do exist,they are rare,and very expensive.Diamonds never change their color,but a diamond's setting can have a positive or negative influence on its appearance.

CLARITY: Clarity measures the flawlessness of a diamond.Diamonds have internal birthmarks called inclusions,and those found on the external surface of a diamond are called blemishes.Nearly all diamonds have inclusions and blemishes,but the most wanted are flawless diamonds.Truly,a flawless diamond is extremely rare.The tool used to inspect a diamond is called a loupe.

CARAT:A carat is the unit of measure for a diamond's weight.The diamonds weight is evaluated on a point system.For example:1carat=100 points.Please do not confuse karat with carat.Karat is the unit that measures gold.Diamonds come in many weights,but one carat diamonds and larger are found less in nature than the smaller ones and therefore render themselves to be much more expensive.And please do not fall for flawless,colorless diamonds,terms use very frequently today.Flawless diamonds do exist,but they are  extremely rare,and very expensive.But remember,the right type of setting can affect and improve the look of any size diamond.

DIAMOND CARE: Diamonds are the hardest mineral known to man.That said,to keep your diamond looking its best,they do require delicate care and maintenance.A diamond should be cleaned regularly.It can be cleaned with a little detergent,(we prefer Dawn)and small amount of ammonia and water.Also,vodka works excellent at restoring your luster.Soak your diamond for about 20-30 minutes and use a small brush and dry with a polishing cloth,as this will restore its sparkle.Everyday activities can cause your diamond/setting to become loose over time,so have your diamond(s) checked at least every 4 months.If you are in our area,drop in and let us check it for you.There is no charge and it only takes a few minutes.

 

 rounddiamond.jpgRound Cut

MilimetersCarat weightPoints
1.00.0050.5
1.30.011
1.50.0151.5
1.70.022
1.80.0252.5
2.00.033
2.10.0353.5
2.20.044
2.40.055
2.50.066
2.70.077
2.80.088
2.90.099
3.00.1010
3.10.1111
3.20.1212
3.30.1414
3.40.1515
3.50.1616
3.60.1717
3.70.1818
3.80.2020
3.90.2222
4.00.2525
4.20.3030
4.40.3333
4.50.3535
4.60.3838
4.80.4040
5.00.5050
5.40.6060
5.50.6363
5.60.6565
6.00.7575
6.40.9595
6.61.00100
6.81.17117
7.01.25125
7.21.33133
7.51.55155
7.81.75175
8.02.00200
8.42.15215
8.62.25225
9.02.75275
9.43.00300
9.63.15315
9.83.35335
10.03.50350
10.23.75375
10.44.00400
10.64.25425
10.84.5450
11.04.75475
11.25.00500
12.06.50650

oval-shape.jpgOval Cut

MilimetersCarat weightPoints
4 x 30.2020
5 x 30.2525
5 x 3.50.3333
5 x 40.4040
6 x 40.5050
6.5 x 4.50.6565
7 x 50.7575
7.5 x 5.5 1.00 100
8 x 61.25125
8.5 x 6.51.50150
9 x 61.75175
9 x 72.00200
9.5 x 7.52.5250
10 x 83.00300
10 x 8.53.5350
11 x 94.00400
11 x 9.54.50450
12 x 105.00500

marquise2.jpg Marquise Cut

MilimetersCarat weightPoints
3.5 x 1.50.077
4 x 20.1010
5 x 20.2020
5 x 30.2222
5.5 x 2.50.2525
6 x 60.3030
7 x 30.3535
7 x 3.50.3838
7 x 40.4040
8 x 40.5050
8.5 x 4.50.6565
9 x 40.7070
9 x 4.50.7575
9 x 50.8080
9.5 x 4.50.8585
10 x 4.751.00100
10 x 51.25125
11 x 51.50150
11 x 5.51.65165
12 x 62.00200
13 x 5.52.50250
13 x 62.65265
14 x 6.52.87287
14 x 73.00300
15 x 73.75375
16 x 84.50450
18 x 97.00700
20 x 10101000

princess.jpg Princess Cut

MilimetersCarat weightPoints
2.000.066
2.250.088
2.500.1010
2.750.1313
3.00.1515
3.250.2020
3.50.2323
3.750.2525
4.00.3030
4.420.3535
4.50.4040
4.750.5050
5.00.6363
5.250.7575
5.51.00100
6.01.25125
7.01.60160
8.02.25225

emeralddiamond.jpg Emerald Cut

MilimetersCarat weightPoints
4 x 30.2020
5 x 30.2525
6 x40.5050
6.5 x 4.50.7575
7 x 51.00100
8 x 61.50150
8.5 x 6.52.00200
9 x 72.50250
10 x 83.00300
11 x 94.00400
12 x 105.00500

pear.jpg Pear Cut

MilimetersCarat weightPoints
4 x 20.2020
5 x 30.3030
6 x 40.5050
7 x 50.7575
8 x 51.00100
9 x 61.50150
10 x 72.00200
12 x 72.50250
12 x 83.00300
13 x 83.50350
14 x 84.00400
15 x 95.00500

                                                  PEARLS                                                                                                             

A rare type of pearl is produced by the abalone and are called Abalone-Pearls.These pearls are not cultured though, but are natural pearls and are highly collectible because they are natural and often come in unusual shapes and have unique tints.

Saltwater & Freshwater Pearls

Cultured Pearls can be divided into Saltwater and Freshwater.

Cultured Freshwater Pearls (CFWP) is another type of pearl altogether and is causing a lot of excitement in the pearling industry at present.

Of all the natural saltwater pearls,South-Sea Pearls  are the most rare. Born when a foreign particle makes its way into a host oyster, in the pristine salt waters where the temperature is gentle and the atmosphere nurturing, this type of pearl with a strange perfection bears the fingerprints of forever.

                                                                                                

Because they are an organic gem comprised of calcium carbonate, pearls require more specialized care than most other gems materials. They are particularly subject to deterioration from contact with chemicals, including components in household cleaners, perfumes, cosmetics and hair care products of all kinds.

The surface of a pearl is soft and is easily damaged. Pearls set in rings and bracelets are more subject to scuffing and scratching than pearls set in brooches, earrings, necklaces or strands. A pearl ring or bracelet should be considered a special-occasion piece, not for daily wear and DEFINITELY not to be worn while working with the hands.

A good rule of thumb is that pearls are THE LAST THING YOU PUT ON when dressing and THE FIRST THING YOU TAKE OFF when you get home. NEVER apply perfume or hairspray when you are wearing pearl jewelry, especially a strand of pearls.

STORAGE

Pearl strands should be stored separately from other jewelry because the surface of a pearl is soft and easily scratched by other gems. A silk bag, velvet-lined box or pearl folder--a satin-lined leatherette envelope with snaps to hold a strand in place--are all good places to store pearls. Your local jeweler is a good source for these items.

NEVER store pearls in a plastic bag. Some types of plastic emit a chemical that will cause the surface of your pearls to deteriorate.

Don't store pearls in a safe or safety deposit box for long periods. The same ultra-dry atmospheric conditions that extend the life of paper documents may dry out your pearls and cause them to craze--to develop small fractures in the surface.

Pearl strands should be stored flat rather than hanging so the thread won't stretch out prematurely.

STRINGING

Pearl strands should be restrung every one to two years or more often if the thread begins to bag or fray. Silk and nylon beading threads are the most commonly used materials for stringing pearls.

Knotting between beads offers the most security for your pearls; no matter where the strand breaks, you only stand to lose a single bead. The look of the knotted strand is not to everyone's taste, however. Whether you string your pearls with or without knots, the first three or four beads on either side nearest the clasp should be knotted because this area takes the most wear and is the commonest place for a strand to break.

CLEANING

Lay the strand flat on a clean soft cloth or towel. Make a mild solution of soap (we use Ivory) and warm water, and apply with a new pure natural bristle complexion or manicure brush, scrubbing gently. Being careful to support the strand so as not to stretch the thread, turn the necklace over and repeat. To rinse, submerge the strand in cool water flush with cool tap water for a minimum of five minutes. Carefully remove the strand from the water and lay it on a fresh towel to air dry. Don't move it until it is completely dry.

Other pearl jewelry:

The principle is the same: use only a mild soap and a natural bristle brush, then rinse with cool water for at least five minutes.

NEVER USE DETERGENTS, HOUSEHOLD CLEANERS, COMMERCIAL JEWELRY CLEANERS  ON PEARL JEWELRY.

Never use your pearl cleaning brush for anything else, and store it where it will not become dusty or soiled.

Pearls will naturally darken slightly with age and wear. The golden or creamy tone that come with age cannot be removed.

   GEMSTONES